United Nations framework convention on Climate Change

Negotiated during COP21, the importance of the Paris Agreement was recognized by all of 195 member states. Roughly a year later it is now legislated and is considered an international law. Now after COP22, 116 countries including big polluters like the US, China, and also Saudi Arabia have ratified the agreement.
Marrakech Action Proclamation
COP22 was met with the Marrakech Action Proclamation, which was a formal effort to further push for the Paris Agreement, which took a big part in the conference: “This momentum is irreversible – it is being driven not only by governments, but by science, business and global action of all types at all levels” is stated in The Proclamation; “Our task now is to rapidly build on that momentum, together, moving forward purposefully to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to foster adaptation efforts, thereby benefiting and supporting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”. Also according to the proclamation, a reaffirmation was provided by the developed country about the 100 billion USD per year mobilization goal to support the2020 climate agenda.

What’s the significance?
It is a political contract between parties (party refers to a delegation that represents a particular country and its interests) set in effort to realize the UN’s resolution called “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (more info: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld) . Basically it obligates countries in cooperation, if necessary, to reduce global levels of CO2 emissions each in consideration of its own contribution to the problem, by the year 2020 in order to hold global temperature below 2⁰C and to reduce it to 1.5⁰C above pre-industrial levels. The significance is that this is the first formal document to be signed by all countries that obliged to the terms of the deal and the first time when the big emitting countries like China and US are in full cooperation.

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